Sumo originated from Japan over 1, 500 years back, and included competitors between ancient farming communities. Sumo is also referenced in Japanese mythology. One epic story describes the god Take-mikazuchi winning a sumo match against a rival god to achieve control over japan countries.
Sumo developed into activity for royal judge over 1, 200 years ago, and has also been utilized for martial education of warriors over the centuries. About 400 years back, expert sumo, the Nihon Sumo Kyokai, had been formed, and started to perform tournaments the public to savor. Of these final four centuries, the rules, traditions, training techniques, and residing recommendations for sumo wrestlers have been further refined and established, reflected in the world of professional sumo these days.
Pro sumo wrestlers, or “rikishi”, generally enter a “heya” (sumo steady) at a young age, and participate in grueling training, while after conventional rules of value, control, and solution to elders.
Rikishi increase before dawn, and train all early morning on a clear stomach, before eating meal, their firstly two massive daily dishes. Following time nap, they might engage in additional instruction, before supper.
Sumo recruits are powerful, sports young men, not always huge nor fat. Years of following the sumo way of life leaves on body weight, mostly muscle tissue. Numerous sumo wrestlers already have a reduced weight percentage as compared to basic population.
It will take not merely all-natural athletic capability – energy, speed, mobility, and method – and determination and persistence to achieve pro sumo. Many recruits drop out within just annually. Even the most promising professional athletes with a high win percentages in competition must wait to achieve rank and respect, as they slowly progress the ranking chart (“banzuke”), which takes many years, despite having constant winning files. During this procedure, the rikishi cope with harsh training, continual service for their superiors, injuries, as well as the challenge to carry on winning. Position is situated very nearly totally on one’s record – a winning record in a tournament claims ascending action regarding banzuke, while a losing record results in demotion.
For centuries, just Japanese professional athletes competed in professional sumo. In twentieth century, a number of people from other countries started initially to enter the recreation, most notably, a series of Hawaiians (Takamiyama, Konishiki, Akebono, and Musashimaru becoming best) who all accomplished great renown and success at the very greatest ranks. Recently, a wave of Mongolians has usurped sumo’s greatest ranks, including four Grand Champions, Asashoryu (retired), Hakuho, Harumafuji, and Kakuryu. Additionally some promising sumo athletes from Russia, Eastern Europe, and Egypt that have included with sumo’s intercontinental reputation. The people from other countries, mainly the Mongolians, have been so effective, that after Japanese champion Tochiazuma won a tournament in January, 2006, no other Japanese won for approximately a decade (almost 60 successive tournaments were claimed by foreign-born wrestlers)!
As Japan’s “kokugi”, or nationwide sport, sumo signifies lots of the beliefs and customs of Japanese culture. Professional sumo is not only an activity, but a delightful symbolization of Japanese ritual, discipline, and viewpoint.
RIKISHI: expert sumo wrestler, i.e. one who not just competes in sumo, additionally lives the original way of life
GYOJI: sumo referee, whom works not only during competitors, but additionally stocks sumo knowledge, makes the banzuke, and officiates at many activities year-round
YOBIDASHI: sumo attendant, whom acts numerous useful and ceremonial features at tournaments, and which, just like the gyoji, works for expert sumo all through the year
OYAKATA: a stablemaster, or mind of a heya, the oyakata is a retired rikishi who's got achieved considerable sumo success during their days of competition
HEYA: a “stable” or instruction center, in which one group or staff of rikishi rehearse and stay collectively
BASHO: expert sumo event; you can find six basho every year, and every is 15 days long
BANZUKE: a new “banzuke” (ranking chart) is meticulously handwritten by gyoji before every competition, with about 1, 000 brands, including all 700 or more rikishi, plus gyoji, yobidashi, and more.
MAWASHI: the loincloth or sumo belt worn by all sumo competitors
DOHYO: the sumo band wherein competitors occurs
SHIKO: the sumo stomping exercise that rikishi training hundreds of times each day to build up strength, mobility, and balance